Alfalfa seed is primarily grown in the northwestern areas of the U.S. in the states of California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Washington, and Wyoming. The approximate production of alfalfa seed in 2015 for the U.S. is 50.5 million pounds.
California is the largest producer of alfalfa in the United States followed by Idaho & Montana. The United States produces over 57.5 million tons of alfalfa. Twenty (20) states produce over 1 million tons of alfalfa.
Similarly, where is alfalfa grown in California? alfalfa acreage was located in the San Joaquin Valley and 25% in Southern California . The counties with the largest area are Imperial, Kern, Merced, Tulare and Fresno (Figure 2). Roughly half of California’s alfalfa acreage can be found in these five counties.
Correspondingly, where does alfalfa grow best?
Easily grown and propagated, alfalfa adapts well to nearly any garden, tolerating a wide range of growing conditions. It makes a good drought-resistant plant too, as it doesn’t like wet feet. In fact, too much moisture can lead to mold growth. When growing alfalfa, choose an area with plenty of full sun.
Where does alfalfa originate from?
What is the biggest use of alfalfa in the US?
Alfalfa is used primarily as animal feed for dairy cows and beef cattle, but also for horses, sheep, chickens, turkeys and other farm animals including fish in aquaculture and aquaponics.
Which state produces the most hay?
Texas produces the most hay in the United States followed by Missouri and California. Texas produces the most hay in the United States followed by Missouri and California. Texas, Missouri & California produce more than 17% of the hay in the United States. Thirty five (35) states produce over 1 million tons of hay.
Can you grow alfalfa in Florida?
Alfalfa can be grown in Florida but should not be grown by a producer who is not willing or able to plant, fertilize, and manage it properly. Alfalfa requires fertile soil with above average water holding capacity, which is well drained both on the surface and internally.
What is alfalfa used for?
Alfalfa is used for kidney conditions, bladder and prostate conditions, and to increase urine flow. It is also used for high cholesterol, asthma, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, upset stomach, and a bleeding disorder called thrombocytopenic purpura.
Can alfalfa grow in Alabama?
Nevertheless, alfalfa remains the forage legume of choice in much of the U.S. because of its feeding, soil, and crop rotation attributes. In the Southeast, states such as Georgia, Alabama and Florida, alfalfa fields are about as frequent as a white Christmas in that part of the world.
How many years will alfalfa grow?
Alfalfa is a perennial forage legume which normally lives four to eight years, but can live more than 20 years, depending on variety and climate.
Does alfalfa come back every year?
There are many farmers throughout the midwest that sow it with their winter wheat seed and then after the spring harvest of wheat and straw, the alfalfa takes over and they get two more cuttings in the season. Alfalfa, depending upon your area, goes dormant in the winter and comes back every year just like grass does.
When should you not cut alfalfa?
The rule of thumb is to not harvest alfalfa within six weeks of the first killing frost. Timing depends on your location, but typically frost starts hitting the Midwest in October, and the first hard frost occurs in early November. So avoid cutting after mid-September.
What is the best time of year to plant alfalfa?
Timing of planting key to successful alfalfa establishment April is a good month to plant and establish a new stand of alfalfa. Once an alfalfa plant has germinated, that new plant needs 6-8 weeks to establish a good root system that enables it to handle warmer and drier summer weather, says Rory Lewandowski, an OSU Extension educator in Wayne County.
How much does it cost to plant an acre of alfalfa?
Alfalfa has to be planted at around 25 pounds per acre if I remember correctly. A 50 pound bag of seed is around $200 last I heard a few years back, so $100 an acre just for seed. Probably $120-150 per acre including tillage costs.
Does alfalfa increase estrogen?
Alfalfa contains fiber and a substance called saponins, which are thought to bind with cholesterol in the body and may reduce cholesterol levels. Alfalfa plants also contain phytoestrogens, which act like some human hormones. In fact, alfalfa phytoestrogens caused the growth of estrogen-dependent breast cancer cells.
What is the best fertilizer for alfalfa?
AY-331-W. Fertilizing alfalfa with phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) can increase yield and stand longevity. P and K are macronutrients, which means plants require them in relatively high amounts compared to many other nutrients.
Is alfalfa warm or cool season?
Perennial C3 legumes include alfalfa, alsike clover, birdsfoot trefoil, and white clover. Alyceclover, kudzu, cowpea, and perennial peanut are warm-season legumes. The ramifications: C4 plants are more efficient at gathering carbon dioxide and utilizing nitrogen from the atmosphere and recycled N in the soil.
How deep should alfalfa be planted?
One quarter to 3/8 inch seeding depth is ideal for most soil types; emergence drops off significantly when alfalfa is seeded over an inch deep. Too-fine seedbeds may result in sealing or crusting on some soils.