The Bastille and the Great Fear
The French Revolution lasted 10 years from 1789 to 1799. It began on July 14, 1789 when revolutionaries stormed a prison called the Bastille. The revolution came to an end 1799 when a general named Napoleon overthrew the revolutionary government and established the French Consulate (with Napoleon as leader).
Similarly, why did the French Revolution end? The result of the French Revolution was the end of the monarchy. King Louis XVI was executed in 1793. The revolution ended when Napoleon Bonaparte took power in November 1799. They could see that the American Revolution had created a country in which the people had power, instead of a king.
what important documents came out of the French Revolution?
Documents on the French Revolution (For Paper)
- Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen, 26 August 1789.
- Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen from the Constitution of the Year I (1793)
- “Constitution of 1793”
- Declaration of Rights and Duties of Man and Citizen, Constitution of the Year III (1795)
- Constitution of the Year III (1795)
- 4 August Decrees.
What events caused the French Revolution?
Here are the 10 major causes of the French Revolution.
- #1 Social Inequality in France due to the Estates System.
- #2 Tax Burden on the Third Estate.
- #3 The Rise of the Bourgeoisie.
- #4 Ideas put forward by Enlightenment philosophers.
- #5 Financial Crisis caused due to Costly Wars.
- #7 The Rise in the Cost of Bread.
How do revolutions start?
In such a model, revolutions happen when two or more groups cannot come to terms within a normal decision making process traditional for a given political system, and simultaneously have enough resources to employ force in pursuing their goals.
What were two effects of the French Revolution in France?
The revolution destroyed the class system and brought the equality among the citizen of France. The french revolution gave birth to the idea of liberty, equality and fraternity these spread to others european countries later on.
What events inspired the French Revolution?
The causes of the French Revolution were many: the monarchy’s severe debt problems, high taxes, poor harvests, and the influence of new political ideas and the American Revolution, to mention only a few.
Why is the French Revolution important?
Other than the Protestant Reformation and World War One, the French Revolution is the most important period in modern European history. It spread Enlightenment ideas across Europe. It reshaped the border of Europe. It led to the rise of nationalism, which would unify Germany and break apart the Austrian Empire.
Who was the French Revolution between?
From 1790 to 1794, the French Revolution became increasingly radical. After French King Louis XVI was tried and executed on January 21, 1793, war between France and monarchal nations Great Britain and Spain was inevitable.
What was the impact of French Revolution on France?
The French Revolution was a time when the poor fought for liberty and equality. It involved the whole population of France and impacted all. It affected the people involved due to the abolishment of slavery and absolutism. This gave the peasants of France equal rights and freedom.
Where did the French revolution happen?
As the name implies, the French Revolution (1789-1799) took place in France; the political struggle was primarily limited to Paris.
What was the timeline of the French Revolution?
A chronology of the French Revolution Louis XVI comes to the throne American War of Independence Famine in Paris and grain riots in northern France. December 11 Trial of the king begins. January 21 Louis XVI executed. February 1 France declares war on Britain and Holland.
What were the long term effects of the French Revolution?
Long Term Effects of the Revolution It unified and increased the power of the national state. It increased the feeling of French nationalism, and it set a precedent for a democratic French government. Although it did not solve class inequalities, the French Revolution led to the emergence of the middle class.
How many people died in the French Revolution?
Under this system, at least 40,000 people were killed. As many as 300,000 Frenchmen and women (1 in 50 Frenchmen and women) were arrested during a ten month period between September 1793 and July 1794. Included in these numbers were, of course, the deaths of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette.
How did the Enlightenment cause the French Revolution?
The ideas of the Enlightenment inspired both the American and French Revolution. The Revolution was based on the principles of liberty, equality, and fraternity. Philosophers of the Enlightenment, known as philosophes, favored limited monarchy, freedom of speech, and equality.
Who were the leaders of the French Revolution?
Jacques Pierre Brissot and Maximilien Robespierre were the most important leaders of the Girondins and the Montagnards respectively. Externally, Lazare Carnot and Napoleon Bonaparte were the leading figures who helped France win the Revolutionary Wars.
Who benefited from the French Revolution?
The middle class or the richer members of the Third Estate consisting of merchants, traders, lawyers and rich peasants benefited the most from the French Revolution; feudal obligations were no longer to be honored by the Third Estate. Tithes, the tax given to the Church, were abolished.
What do you mean by French Revolution?
The definition of the French Revolution is an uprising in France against the monarchy from 1789 to 1799 which resulted in the establishment of France as a republic. An example of the French Revolution is the storming of the Bastille by the French citizens.